As babies are born, we discover human beings are capable of making innovative gestures to convey their needs and understanding. These little humans grasp most of our attention. Either through the blinking of eyes or sticking tongue out, they always intend to convey something through movements and gestures. If you find a newborn sticking tongue out frequently, it is more than a lovely gesture.
Is Sticking Tongue Out a Normal Part of Child Development?
Sticking the tongue out is a natural gesture for babies and is known as the thrust reflex. Tongue protrusion happens when the tongue goes beyond the border of the lips. It is a kind of muscle reaction that takes place in reply to a simulation. This can also be a signal for babies to show they are hungry.
It helps kids to latch properly while feeding. As they grow up, they realize that they can communicate through other means. The sucking reflex disappears within 4–6 months of a baby’s birth. Babies don’t have control over their body movements; thus, they can convey their requirements through tongue movement.
Why Do Babies Stick Their Tongue Out?
There are numerous reasons for babies to stick their tongue out. Let us understand the reasons behind their tongue movement:
1. Copying the Elders
Babies tend to imitate their elders. Whether you are trying to give a pose while clicking a selfie or just playfully removing your tongue out of the mouth, the babies will memorize the pose and do the same number of times. They do so out of fun and let us know about their understanding.
2. Communicating Their Needs
Babies, while sticking their tongues out, convey their hunger to their mothers. They also do so to convey to their mothers to discontinue feeding them further. Infant sticking tongue out during 3 months want us to know that they are hungry.
3. Normal Gesture
It can occur due to normal sucking reflexes in babies. Sucking and gag reflex is an infant reflex that causes the baby to remove their tongue from their mouth. This kind of reflex helps soothe the area near their mouth. Babies move their tongues and lips in expectation of suckling. They tend to show gag reflex whenever the back of the throat or mouth analyses a solid object near their mouth. Babies don’t clog any object in their mouth due to this gag reflex. The tongue removes the object out of their mouth.
4. Only Liquid Food
While feeding babies with semi-solid food, they stick their tongue out of the mouth. It could be that the baby isn’t ready for solid and semi-solid foods yet. Once they can swallow the food and push their tongue above the palate, they will stop doing the same. Feeding babies with solid food is a new milestone in parents’ and babies’ lives. Therefore, while there is some restraint from babies initially, they gradually become habitual to the food and eat it comfortably.
5. Congestion in Nose
Babies often breathe through their mouths when their noses are congested, causing their tongues to stick out. They find normal breathing difficult during cold, cough, allergies, adenoids, or inflamed tonsils.
Babies also stick their tongues out naturally when they tend to choke on something, where thrusting the tongue out is a reflex. The same thing happens with babies as well. If anything is stuck in your baby’s mouth that is not big enough to swallow, they tend to stick their tongue out.
6. Gas Problems
Babies usually suffer from gastro problems since they have only milk as food. This causes pain in their stomach which makes them uneasy. Due to this, some babies may stick their tongues out.
When the number of tissues in a baby’s tongue increases, it is called Macroglossia. This condition makes the tongue stick out since the enlarged tongue can’t fit in the mouth. An enlarged tongue can occur from birth, or it can develop gradually over time. This abnormality can be for many reasons, such as acromegaly (growth hormone increment), Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, mucopolysaccharides, and congenital hypothyroidism (inadequate thyroid hormone).
The build-up of elements such as glycogen and amyloid from the body in the tongue is observed in glycogen and amyloidosis storage diseases. The large tongue may occur due to tumors or any injury. It may be inherited genetically. The large tongue makes it difficult for the baby to keep it inside the mouth, and hence it comes out of the mouth.
In Micrognathia, babies have small chins and jaws, resulting in difficulty containing the tongue inside their small mouths. This condition disappears with time as the size of the mouth increases and the face muscles develop. Cleft palate and Down syndrome like trisomy 13, trisomy 18, Pierre Robin syndrome, etc., are the reasons for micrognathia. Muscles around the lower jaw aren’t well developed, resulting in the sucked chin. DiGeorge syndrome is another condition where the small-mouth condition is observed.
It is a low muscle tone disorder that affects the development of each muscle in the body, including the tongue. We hold our tongue back in the mouth, which reduces the space occupancy of the tongue in the mouth. Without the tone, the tongue will rest in a completely relaxed state and stick out of the mouth. Rett syndrome, Prader-Willi, and many other down syndromes show hypotonia.
10. Cysts Growth
Extra mass growth around the tongue forces the tongue to stick out. Thyroglossal duct cysts are formed near salivary glands. These cysts appear and vanish on their own without any treatment.
11. Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder
Thrusting of the tongue is one of the general types of orofacial myofunctional disorder. If the tongue sticks out due to an OMD, it is an abnormal tongue position while in a relaxing state. Hereditary reasons, congenital problems, and thumb-sucking habits for a long duration can lead to the development of this disorder.
12. Baby Sticking Tongue Out After Feeding
You will commonly find a baby sticking tongue out after feeding to convey they are full and don’t want to eat anymore. You should observe your baby’s body language to understand whether they are full or want to feed more.
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